Event Registration
A Timeline: The Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills
1765 to 1972
Activity in the Khasi Hills
Activity in the Jaintia Hills
Activity in the Garo Hills
Unified Activity across the state
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1765
First contact with the British. The British received right of revenue over the area.
1788
First report of the Garos in British records.
1822
The formal separation of the Garo Hills from the plains that provided a blueprint for the British’s future policies towards the Garos.
1823
First contact with the British according to their records.
1827
David Scott met with Tirot Singh seeking permission to construction a road from Rni in Kamrup district via Nongkhlaw to the Surmah valley.
1827
Construction of road from the valleys of Brahmaputra to Surmah opposed.
1827
Construction of road from the valleys of Brahmaputra to Surmah opposed.
1829
Clashes between Khasis and British. Tirot Singh made plans to expel the foreigners from his land.
1835
Notice given to Rajendra Sing, the Syiem of Jaintiapur, notifying him that his Hima became part of British India.
1835
Death of U Tirot Singh. U Tirot Singh started revolts against the British Raj which ultimately led to his capture and subsequent arrest.
1862
U Kiang Nangbah led an uprising against the British and was hanged by the British publicly at Iawmusiang in Jowai, West Jaintia Hills district.
1872
Death of Pa Togan Sangma. Under the leadership of Pa Togan Sangma the Garo people retaliated against the British but were ultimately defeated and Garo Hills was annexed by the British.
1874
Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang, Nowgong, Sibsagar, Lakhimpur, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Naga Hills, Garo Hills, and the district of Cachar were separated from the administration of the Government of Bengal.
1874
Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang, Nowgong, Sibsagar, Lakhimpur, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Naga Hills, Garo Hills, and the district of Cachar were separated from the administration of the Government of Bengal.
1874
Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang, Nowgong, Sibsagar, Lakhimpur, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, Naga Hills, Garo Hills, and the district of Cachar were separated from the administration of the Government of Bengal.
1900
The establishment of the Jaintia National Conference.
1920
A member of the Garo community, Jangin Sangma, was nominated to the Legislative Council in Assam.
1923
Formation of Khasi National Durbar (KND).
1934
Creation of the Khasi States Federation.
1946
Creation of Garo National Council (GNC).
1946
Khasi States Federation reactivated as the Federation of Khasi States.
1947
The Jaintia National Conference decides to join the Federation of Khasi States in its meeting in Jowai.
1952
The United Khasi and Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council inaugurated, with eighteen members.
1952
The United Khasi and Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council inaugurated, with eighteen members.
1952
Black Flag demonstration day observed led by the Khasi Student Association under the leadership of Mr. Hoover Hynniewta, Stephenson Lyngdoh and others.
1954
Captain Williamson A. Sangma convened a meeting at Shillong in June 1954 in which he emphasized the importance for immediate action regarding the formation of a unified hill state.
1954
Capt Williamson Sangma chairs a meeting in Tura regarding the fight for autonomy. The Garo National Council supported KND demand for full autonomy.
1954
The Tura Conference held, with the decision to submit the memorandum to the State Reorganisation Commission to demand for a separate state from Assam.
1954
Formation of The Eastern India Tribal Union.
1960
The inclusion of Assamese Language Bill and subsequent protests held in Khasi Hills.
1960
The inclusion of Assamese Language Bill and subsequent protests held in Jaintia Hills.
1960
The inclusion of Assamese Language Bill and subsequent protests held in Garo Hills.
1960
All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) formed with the GNC becoming its founding member and Capt Williamson Sangma its Chairman.
1960
All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) formed with the GNC becoming its founding member and Capt Williamson Sangma its Chairman.
1960
All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) formed with the GNC becoming its founding member and Capt Williamson Sangma its Chairman.
1960
The Khasi, Jaintia, and Garo People are unified in their fight for Statehood. The inclusion of all the tribal people impacted the movement heavily and led to the creation of Meghalaya 12 years later.
1960
Proposal given by APHLC on creation of Eastern Frontier State which was rejected.
1961
Prime Minister Nehru offered Scottish Pattern to APHLC.
1964
APHLC last meeting with Nehru in which he proposes the Nehru Plan.
1965
Shastri appointed the Pataskar Commission to implement the Nehru Plan.
1966
APHLC rejected Pataskar Commission report. Indira Gandhi visited Shillong for the first time.
1967
Government appointed a twelve member Ashok Mehta Committee to review federal plan. APHLC rejected and boycotted Ashok Mehta Committee recommendations.
1968
Government announced Autonomous State (Meghalaya) within Assam in September APHLC agreed to give the plan a fair trial in October.
1968
Launching of the Non Violent Direct Action (NVDA) by the APHLC.
1969
On 10 October a Non-violent Direct Action agitation starts with thousands marching and surrounding the Assam Secretariat in Shillong.
1969
The Assam Reorganization Bill (Meghalaya) put forward on 15th December.
1969
On 24th December 1969 the Assam Reorganisation Bill was passed in both houses of Parliament thereafter known as the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act of 1969, a beautiful Christmas gift to the people of the hill state.
1969
On 29th December 1969 the Assam Reorganisation Bill received the assent of the President.
1970
APHLC accepted Autonomous State Plan. Parliament enacted the Assam Re-organisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 and brought it into force on 2 April 1970. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi inaugurates the new autonomous state. The new ministry includes Capt. Williamson. A. Sangma, Mr. Stanley Nichols Roy, Mr. Edwin Bareh, Mr. Stanford Marak and Mr. B.B. Lyngdoh.
1971
The North-East Reorganisation Act came into fruition whereby Meghalaya became a full-fledged State. It received the assent of the President on the 30th December 1971.
1972
Indira Gandhi inaugurated Meghalaya as a full-fledged state on 21 January.
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